By Monda Halpern
Targeting white; Anglo-Protestant farm ladies in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm girls have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism used to be extra revolutionary than their conservative snapshot has prompt. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm girls adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that desirous about values and studies linked to girls and that emphasised the variations among men and women, selling girl specificity, team spirit, and separatism. those ideas have been proficient via farm women's overlapping roles as other halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males mostly owned the "family farm", farm women's monetary welfare depended mostly at the soft negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been strangely outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated girls typically. And On That Farm He Had a spouse exhibits how Ontario farm other halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly during the domestic economics stream and Women's Institutes. They dedicated themselves to non-public improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to aid others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persisted inspite of the dramatic alterations in rural existence at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will entice students and scholars of Canadian background, women's background, and rural reports, in addition to to basic readers attracted to a overlooked tale of Ontario's prior.
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Extra info for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
Fm Page 40 Monday, August 27, 2001 8:37 AM 40 And On That Farm He Had a Wife children; scrubbing floors; milking cows; making butter; baking bread and coffee cakes and pies. ”89 The farm daughter who had no older brothers or no brothers at all, however, was often exempt from domestic work to help her father outside. ” Her relegation to outside work also meant little time spent with her mother. ”93 As she grew into adulthood, the workload, as it did for the maturing farm son, became much more intense.
She was acutely aware of her inability to conform to the demanding domestic role which was expected of her as a woman – especially a farm woman. These feelings no doubt contributed to her stay at a small private hospital in Toronto in 1911; in 1912 she was committed to the Ontario Hospital in Hamilton. ” The children were sent to live with various relatives during the summer months. 9 At the height of the Depression, farm woman Dorothy Franklin of Brechin, near Orillia, wrote to Prime Minister Bennett of her farm and family’s financial plight, conveying her feelings of hopelessness and despair: ‹we were taught to believe God put us women here for the noble cause of Motherhood.
It may mean a combination of short hair and knickerbockers or of babies and jobs. It may mean equal pay for equal work and equal pay for equal misbehaviour. But on the farm and homestead from the east to the west, feminism means something else. To quote ‘The Declaration of Independence’ recently drawn up and published by the farm women of Nebraska, it means: A power washing-machine for the house for every tractor bought for the farm. A bath-tub in the house for every binder on the farm. Running water in the kitchen for every riding-plow for the fields.
And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 by Monda Halpern