By Adam Fairclough
During this significant project, civil rights historian Adam Fairclough chronicles the odyssey of black lecturers within the South from emancipation in 1865 to integration 100 years later. No booklet earlier has supplied us with the total tale of what African American lecturers attempted, completed, and didn't do in instructing the Southern black inhabitants over this serious century. This magisterial narrative deals a daring new imaginative and prescient of black academics, outfitted from the tales of genuine women and men, from lecturers in one-room shacks to professors in purple brick universities. Fairclough explores how academics encouraged and influenced generations of youngsters, instilling values and data that nourished racial satisfaction and a hope for equality. whilst, he exhibits that they weren't simply educators, but in addition missionaries, politicians, group leaders, and racial diplomats. Black lecturers needed to negotiate continually among the white gurus who held the handbag strings and the black community's grassroots resistance to segregated criteria and white energy. academics have been a part of, but in addition except, the bigger black inhabitants. usually missed, and infrequently lambasted, by way of either whites and blacks, academics have been tireless foot squaddies within the lengthy civil rights fight. regardless of most unlikely odds--discrimination, overlook, occasionally violence--black lecturers engaged in a chronic and finally heroic fight to make schooling a way of liberation. a category in their personal is imperative for realizing how blacks and whites interacted and coexisted after the abolition of slavery, and the way black groups built and coped with the demanding situations of freedom and oppression. (20070201)
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Additional info for A Class of Their Own: Black Teachers in the Segregated South
Cromwell attended public schools in Philadelphia and then the Institute for Colored Youth, a Quaker school chartered in 1842 that educated dozens of freedmen’s teachers. A remarkable group of teachers from Fayetteville, North Carolina, returned south by way of Ohio. The parents of William, Robert, and Cicero Harris left the South in 1850, eventually settling in Cleveland. In 1864 Robert and William Harris, plasterers by trade, received appointments from the AMA to teach in Virginia. After the war, Robert and Cicero Harris opened a school in Fayetteville that the — 40 — Freedom’s First Generation Freedmen’s Bureau rated one of the best in North Carolina.
This supposition not only minimized the extent to which European culture had already inﬂuenced blacks under slavery but also wrongly implied that African American culture was a sufﬁcient basis for black advancement. It was one thing to foster racial pride through, for example, the teaching of Negro history and the cultivation of Afri— 20 — Prologue: The Odyssey of Black Teachers can cultural survivals. It was quite another to assume that Negro culture, however deﬁned, could sustain an adequate program of education for blacks.
Glacial progress hardly justiﬁed submissiveness when the gap between black and white widened. The “goodwill” and “racial cooperation” that black teachers constantly invoked appeared to do little to weaken white supremacy. The recognition that whites accorded colored “professors” and “doctors” symbolized condescension, not respect. Teachers often acted as if they spoke for the black community, but many suspected them of looking out for their own self-interest. The vehement opposition that Booker T.
A Class of Their Own: Black Teachers in the Segregated South by Adam Fairclough